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Laparoscopy in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Female Infertility

  • Howard T. SharpEmail author
  • Johnny Yi
Chapter

Abstract

Phillip Bozzini is credited with the first description of endoscopy in 1805, as he attempted to view the urethral mucosa with a simple tube and candlelight. Pantaleoni used a cystoscope to identify uterine polyps in 1869, thus accomplishing the first hysteroscopy. Jacobaeus of Sweden performed the first laparoscopy in 1910, when he placed a Neitze cystoscope and used a candle to illuminate a hollow tube placed into the peritoneal cavity. Eventually, Semm of Germany reported advanced operative laparoscopic procedures, such as salpingectomy, myomectomy, oophorectomy, ovarian cystectomy, and salpingostomy, in the 1970s. These pioneers of endoscopic surgery and many others have forged the way for the rest of us who now routinely perform endoscopic surgery. This chapter is to review safe and effective techniques and principles of laparoscopic surgery.

Keywords

Laparoscopy Video Insufflations Digital camera Light source, camera Fiber optic Trocars Optical-access trocars Uterine manipulators Chromotubation Suture Laparoscopic knots Laparoscopic suturing Extracorporeal knots Intracorporeal knots Staplers Vascular clips Laser Harmonic scalpel Electrosurgery Monopolar Bipolar, fulguration Current density Capacitative coupling Wattage Voltage Nerve injury Neuropathy Veres needle Hasson method Direct trocar entry Palmer’s point Ninth intercostal space Inferior epigastric artery External iliac artery Morcellator Adhesiolysis Retroperitoneal space Posterior cul de sac Oophorectomy Salpingo-oophorectomy Myomectomy Conscious sedation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of General Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA

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