Overview and Comparison of Idiopathic, Neuromuscular, and Congenital Forms of Scoliosis



Scoliosis is really a physical finding, a lateral curvature of the spine. There are a number of potential causes, not all of which are related to a primary spinal deformity. For instance, if a patient has one leg longer than another, they will display a curved spine; otherwise their trunk would leave the pelvis at an angle, causing the individual to always look like they are leaning to one side. In a similar way, if an individual leans their back to one side, they will also show a scoliosis on a radiograph.


Respiration Weinstein Spondylolisthesis Spondylolysis 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hospital for Sick Children and University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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