Monitored Natural Attenuation of Chlorinated Solvent Plumes

  • John T. Wilson
Part of the SERDP/ESTCP Environmental Remediation Technology book series (SERDP/ESTCP)


As specified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA, 1999), the term “monitored natural attenuation … refers to the reliance on natural attenuation processes … to achieve site-specific remediation objectives within a time frame that is reasonable compared to that offered by other more active methods. The ‘natural attenuation processes’ that are at work in such a remediation approach include a variety of physical, chemical, or biological processes that, under favorable conditions, act without human intervention to reduce the mass, toxicity, mobility, volume, or concentration of contaminants in soil or groundwater. These in situ processes include biodegradation; dispersion; dilution; sorption; volatilization; radioactive decay; and chemical or biological stabilization, transformation, or destruction of contaminants. When relying on natural attenuation processes for site remediation, EPA [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency] prefers those processes that degrade or destroy contaminants.”


Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay Vinyl Chloride Natural Attenuation Reductive Dechlorination Chlorinate Solvent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • John T. Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Office of Research and DevelopmentU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyAdaUSA

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