Advertisement

Prognosis and Prevention

  • J. Gordon Millichap
Chapter

Abstract

What is the outcome for my child when he or she grows up? is a frequent question asked by parents of ADHD children. “Will he outgrow the ADHD?” “Will he need continued treatment with stimulant medication into adulthood?” “Is there an increased risk of drug abuse in adults with a history of childhood ADHD?” Some of the answers to these questions remain controversial, the outcome being influenced by complicating comorbid disorders and other factors.

Keywords

Anxiety Disorder Stimulant Medication Conduct Disorder Comorbid Disorder Antisocial Personality Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Barkley RA. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment. New York: Guildford Press; 1990.Google Scholar
  2. Biederman J, et al. Psychoactive substance use disorders in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): effects of ADHD and comorbidity. Am J Psychiatry. 1995;152:1652–1658.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Biederman J, et al. Predictors of persistence and remission of ADHD into adolescence: results from a four-year prospective follow-up study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1996;35:343–351.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gillberg C, et al. Long-term stimulant treatment of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997;54:857–864.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gittelman R, et al. Hyperactive boys almost grown up. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1985;42:937–947.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Jensen PS, et al. A collaborative multimodal treatment study of children with ADHD. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997;54:865–870.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mannuzza S, et al. Adult psychiatric status of hyperactive boys grown up. Am J Psychiatry. 1998;155:493–498.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. McCarthy S, Asherson P, Coghill D, et al. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: treatment discontinuation in adolescents and young adults. Brit J Psychiatry. 2009;194:273–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Shaffer D. ADHD in adults. An editorial. Am J Psychiatry. 1994;151:633–638.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Weiss G, Hechtman L. Hyperactive Children Grown Up. New York: Guildford Press; 1986.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Gordon Millichap
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of NeurologyNorthwestern University Medical School, Children’s Memorial HospitalChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations