Special Considerations in Common GI Diseases, Obesity, and Following Bariatric Surgery

  • Angelo A. Licata
  • Susan E. Williams


Contrary to popular belief, obesity is not good for bones nor is it protective against the development of osteoporosis. Common consequences of obesity such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, and several of the common medications used to treat elevated blood glucose significantly increase the risk of osteoporosis and fragility fracture.


Bariatric Surgery Celiac Disease Fragility Fracture Bariatric Surgery Patient Primary Osteoporosis 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angelo A. Licata
    • 1
  • Susan E. Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Endocrinology-MetabolismCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Endocrinology, Diabetes and MetabolismThe Cleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA

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