Introduction – How does one go from bone mineral density measurements to a diagnosis of osteoporosis

  • Angelo A. Licata
  • Susan E. Williams


Bone mineral content (BMC) is a measure of the mineral found in bone. Bone mineral density (BMD) is a mathematical ratio of the measured mineral content in a de fi ned area of bone. The measured BMD is not a true cubic density. Other densities within and around a bone and the area of bone measured can affect the accuracy of the BMD.


Bone Mineral Density Fracture Risk Bone Mineral Content Fragility Fracture Lower Bone Mineral Density 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angelo A. Licata
    • 1
  • Susan E. Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Endocrinology-MetabolismCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Endocrinology, Diabetes and MetabolismThe Cleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA

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