The Toyota Spirit

Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)


The underlying philosophy characterizing the Toyota spirit can indeed be described as “thinking backward,” in the sense of “establishing, in parallel with the development of the real production flow (which proceeds from upstream to downstream), an inverse flow of information which proceeds from downstream to upstream, since each downstream location sends an instruction to the next higher location […] The innovation, as can be seen, is purely organizational and conceptual: there is no intervention of any technological aspect.”1


Supply Chain Organizational Innovation Network Enterprise Operative Corporate Environment Organizational Coordination 

Copyright information

© Gianfranco Dioguardi 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Politecnico Università di BariBariItaly

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