On the Interdependence Between Politics and Policy in the Shaping of English Horizontal Third Sector Initiative

  • Jeremy Kendall
  • Marilyn Taylor
Part of the Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies book series (NCSS)


There are several reasons why the development of third sector policy in England constitutes an interesting case. As an empirical fact, this country has witnessed exceptionally high levels of sustained sector-oriented policy activism from the state and the third sector itself by European standards (see Kendall 2009a, b) – and the chapters in this volume suggest that this may be the case if one considers policy situations beyond Europe too. Moreover, in England, policy has progressively claimed to recognise the diversity of the sector, including with reference to size and orientation. This has been reflected, inter alia, in the decision to refer to this sector for most of the last decade as a ‘voluntary and community sector’, and more recently in the development of a broader ‘third sector’ formula that incorporates voluntary and community groups, social enterprises, charities, cooperatives and mutuals.

Furthermore, one of the authors has already carried out an analysis of...


Social Enterprise Sector Policy Labour Party Community Sector Multiple Stream 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeremy Kendall
    • 1
  • Marilyn Taylor
  1. 1.School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social ResearchUniversity of KentCanterburyUK

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