Advertisement

Nonprofits and Public Policy in the United States: The Evolution of Accountability

  • Dennis R. Young
Chapter
Part of the Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies book series (NCSS)

Introduction

The roots of the nonprofit sector in the United States predate the republic, but it was not until the 1700s that religious diversity and the need to establish self governing forms of organization far from the motherland led to the formation of various kinds of associational and corporate forms, including universities, fraternal organizations, clubs and professional societies (Hall 2006; Hammack 1998). Still, in the prerevolutionary period and in the early days of the republic, these forms were not considered to be entirely separate from the state. Colonial governments and later states took pains to limit and control the authority of corporations and charities (Hall 2006). Indeed, in the tenth of the Federalist Papers (Fairfield 1961), James Madison warned against the danger of “factions” that could undermine democratic government. It was not until the Dartmouth College case reached the Supreme Court in 1819 that limits were set on the degree to which the government could...

Keywords

Nonprofit Sector Charitable Organization Private Foundation Policy Entrepreneur Internal Revenue Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Paul Arnsberger, Melissa Ludlum, Margaret Riley and Mark Stanton (2008). “A History of the Tax Exempt Sector: An SOI Perspective”, Statistics of Income Bulletin, Winter, pp. 106–135Google Scholar
  2. Diana Aviv (2006). “Governance, Accountability and the Charitable Sector”, Chapter 12 in Mitch Nauffts (ed.), Philanthropy in the 21 st Century, New York: The Foundation Center, pp. 163–174Google Scholar
  3. Elizabeth T. Boris and C. Eugene Steuerle (2006). “Scope and Dimensions of the Nonprofit Sector”, Chapter 3 in Walter W. Powell and Richard Steinberg (eds.), The Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook, 2nd Edition, New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 66–88Google Scholar
  4. Eleanor Brilliant (2000). Private Charity and Public Inquiry, Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University PressGoogle Scholar
  5. Roy P. Fairfield (ed.) (1961). Federalist Papers, Garden City, NY: Doubleday & CompanyGoogle Scholar
  6. Peter Dobkin Hall (ed.) (1992). Inventing the Nonprofit Sector, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University PressGoogle Scholar
  7. Peter Dobkin Hall (2006). “A Historical Overview of Philanthropy, Voluntary Associations and Nonprofit Organizations in the United States, 1600-2000”, Chapter 2 in Walter W. Powell and Richard Steinberg (eds.), The Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook, 2nd Edition, New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 32–65Google Scholar
  8. David C. Hammack (ed.) (1998). Making of the Nonprofit Sector in the United States: A Reader. Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University PressGoogle Scholar
  9. Independent Sector, Panel on the Nonprofit Sector, October 2007. Principles for Good Governance and Ethical Practice: A Guide for Charities and Foundations, http://www.nonprofitpanel.org/
  10. Independent Sector, Panel on the Nonprofit Sector, June 2005. Strengthening Transparency, Governance, and Accountability of Charitable Organizations: A Final Report to Congress and the Nonprofit Sector, http://www.nonprofitpanel.org/
  11. Independent Sector, Panel on the Nonprofit Sector, April 2006. Strengthening Transparency, Governance, Accountability of Charitable Organizations, http://www.nonprofitpanel.org/
  12. Peter John (2003). “Is There Life After Policy Streams, Advocacy Coalitions, and Punctuations: Using Evolutionary Theory to Explain Policy Change?” The Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 481–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. John W. Kingdon (1995). Agenda, Alternatives, and Public Policies, 2nd Edition, Boston: Little, Brown and CompanyGoogle Scholar
  14. Waldemar A. Nielsen (1979). The Endangered Sector, New York: Columbia University PressGoogle Scholar
  15. Brian O’Connell (1997). Powered by Coalition, San Francisco: Jossey-BassGoogle Scholar
  16. Gabriel Rudney (1987). “The Scope and Dimensions of Nonprofit Activity”, Chapter 4 in Walter W. Powell (ed.), The Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook, New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 55–64Google Scholar
  17. Michael Rushton and Arthur C. Brooks (2006). “Government Funding of Nonprofit Organizations”, Chapter 4 in Dennis R. Young (ed.), Financing Nonprofits, Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press, pp. 69–91Google Scholar
  18. Paul A. Sabatier and Hank Jenkins-Smith (1993). Policy Change and Learning: An Advocacy Coalition Framework, Boulder: Westview PressGoogle Scholar
  19. Lester M. Salamon (2006). “Government-Nonprofit Relations from an International Perspective”, Chapter 12 in Elizabeth T. Boris and C. Eugene Steuerle (eds.), Nonprofits & Government: Collaboration and Conflict, 2nd Edition, Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press, pp. 399–435Google Scholar
  20. Lester M. Salamon (ed.) (2002). The State of Nonprofit America, Washington, DC: The Brookings InstitutionGoogle Scholar
  21. Lester M. Salamon and Alan J. Abramson (1996). “The Federal Budget and the Nonprofit Sector: Implications of the Contract with America”. In Dwight F. Burlingame, William A. Diaz and Warren F. Ilchman (eds.), Capacity of Change? The Nonprofit World in an Age of Devolution, Indianapolis: Indiana Center on Philanthropy, pp. 1–22Google Scholar
  22. Robert Smucker (1991). The Nonprofit Lobbying Guide. San Francisco: Jossey-BassGoogle Scholar
  23. Kenneth T. Wing, Thomas H. Pollak and Amy Blackwood (2008). The Nonprofit Almanac 2008, Washington, DC: The Urban Institute PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Andrew Young School of Policy StudiesGeorgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations