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Cerebral and Peripheral Tissue Oxygenation in Children Supported on ECMO for Cardio-Respiratory Failure

  • Maria D. Papademetriou
  • Ilias Tachtsidis
  • Terence S. Leung
  • Martin J. Elliott
  • Aparna Hoskote
  • Clare E. Elwell
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 662)

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a rescue therapy for patients with cardio-respiratory failure. Establishing, maintaining and weaning from ECMO may increase the risk for intracranial injury. We used a dual channel near infrared system to monitor cerebral and peripheral tissue oxygenation in 3 venoarterial (VA) and 1 venovenous (VV) ECMO patients undergoing manipulations in the ECMO circuit flows. Spectral analysis was performed on the oxyhaemoglobin data collected from these patients with the aim of comparing oscillations at range of frequencies appearing in the two measurement sites.

Keywords

Centrifugal Pump Cerebral Oxygenation Roller Pump ECMO Circuit ECMO Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work is supported by Hitachi Medical Ltd.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria D. Papademetriou
    • 1
  • Ilias Tachtsidis
    • 1
  • Terence S. Leung
    • 1
  • Martin J. Elliott
    • 2
  • Aparna Hoskote
    • 2
  • Clare E. Elwell
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomedical Optics Research Laboratory, Department of Medical Physics and BioengineeringUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Great Ormond Street Hospital for ChildrenLondonUK

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