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Blood Flow and Arterial Vessel Diameter Change During Graded Handgrip Exercise in Dominant and Non-dominant Forearms of Tennis Players

  • Atsuko Kagaya
  • Fumiko Ohmori
  • Shizuyo Okuyama
  • Yoshiho Muraoka
  • Kohei Sato
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 662)

Abstract

The training effect on exercise-induced maximal blood flow remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to clarify the difference of exercise-induced blood flow, blood flow velocity and vessel diameter of brachial artery in dominant and non-dominant forearms of tennis players during graded hand-grip exercise. Ten female tennis players aged 20.1 ± 0.1 years. (mean ± SD) performed 30-s static handgrip exercise in the supine position with either the dominant or non-dominant hand by increasing load at 30-s intervals until exhaustion. Brachial arterial blood flow velocity (Doppler ultrasound method) did not differ between both limbs, whereas the vessel diameter (2-D method) was significantly larger in the dominant limb during diastole both at baseline (p < 0.01) and after exercise (p < 0.05), but no difference was found during systole. As a result, the blood flow was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the dominant limb during post-exercise condition. Muscle thickness of the forearm muscles and maximal handgrip strength were significantly higher in the dominant limb. Thus, the effect of training on exercise-induced blood flow specific to the dominant limb was confirmed during post-exercise due to the enlarged vessel diameter during diastole of cardiac cycle. The dimensional change in the vasculature specific to the dominant side will be included in the training effects associated with the dimensional muscular changes in the dominant forearm.

Keywords

Maximal Voluntary Contraction Blood Flow Velocity Vessel Diameter Muscle Thickness Tennis Player 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the “Academic Frontier” project of Japan Women’s College of Physical Education. The authors are grateful to Ms A. Mori (Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences, Ochanomizu University) for her help in analyzing data.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atsuko Kagaya
    • 1
  • Fumiko Ohmori
    • 1
  • Shizuyo Okuyama
    • 2
  • Yoshiho Muraoka
    • 3
  • Kohei Sato
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute of Physical Fitness, Japan Women’s College of Physical EducationTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Physical Education, Keio UniversityKanagawaJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of Humanities and Social SciencesMeisei UniversityTokyoJapan

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