Arterial Oxygen Desaturation Response to Repeated Bouts of Sprint Exercise in Healthy Young Women

  • Shimpei Kuniyoshi
  • Yumiko Endoh
  • Minoru Kobayashi
  • Hiroshi Endoh
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 662)


The decline in arterial oxygen saturation of hemoglobin during exercise has been termed exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia (EIAH). We examined whether repeated bouts of sprint exercise (SprE) would induce EIAH in healthy young men and women. Ten men and 11 women (20.4 ± 0.3 year) performed an anaerobic power test (three bouts of 10 s cycling with 120 s intervals) using a cycle ergometer. Arterial oxygen saturation of hemoglobin measured by pulse oximeter (SpO2), heart rate (HR), rate perceived exertion (RPE), and the blood lactate concentration ([La]b) were assessed at rest, during, and 5 min after repeated bouts of SprE. Women exhibited a lower maximal anaerobic power (MAnP) compared to men (498 ± 23 vs. 759 ± 22 watts, respectively, p < 0.01). HR, RPE, and [La]b in women were comparable with those in men throughout the test. However, the only significant decline in SpO2 after a single bout of SprE (95.5 ± 0.7%) from the resting value (97.9 ± 0.2%) was observed in women, and further declines occurred following heavier SprE (< 95%). In 8 of 11 women, mild to moderate EIAH developed, whereas only 2 men showed mild EIAH. Thus, these findings suggest that repeated bouts of SprE might induce mild EIAH in young women but not men.


Pulse Oximeter Blood Lactate Concentration Maximal Oxygen Consumption Anaerobic Power Repeated Bout 



We thank the volunteers for participating in this study. This study was supported in part by grant-in-aids for scientific research from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports, and culture Japan 20300221.


  1. 1.
    Dempsey JA, Wagner PD (1999) Exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia. J Appl Physiol 87(6): 1997–2006PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Guenette JA, Diep TT, Koehle MS, Foster GE, Richards JC, Sheel AW (2004) Acute hypoxic ventilatory response and exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia in men and women. Respir Physiol Neurobiol 143(1): 17–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Harms CA, McClaran SR, Nickele GA, Pegelow DF, Nelson WB, Dempsey JA (1998) Exercise-induced arterial hypoxaemia in healthy young women. J Appl Physiol 507(2): 619–628Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mengelkoch L, Martin D, Lawler J (1994) A review of the principles of pulse oximetry and accuracy of pulse oximeter estimates during exercise. Phys Ther 74(1): 40–49PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nakamura Y, Mutoh Y, Miyashita M (1984) A method for determining maximal anaerobic power using a bicycle ergometer. Jap J Sports Sci 4: 834–839Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Paliczka VJ, Nichols AK, Boreham CA (1987) A multi-stage shuttle run as a predicator of running performance and maximal oxygen uptake in adults. Br J Sports Med 21(4): 163–165PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Richards JC, Mckenzie DC, Warburton DR, Road JD, Sheel AW (2004) Prevalence of exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia in healthy women. Med Sci Sports Exerc 36 (9): 1514–1521PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Walls J, Maskrey M, Wood-Baker R, Stedman W (2002) Exercise-induced oxyhaemoglobin desaturation, ventilatory limitation and lung diffusing capacity in women during and after exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol 87(2): 145–152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shimpei Kuniyoshi
    • 1
  • Yumiko Endoh
    • 2
  • Minoru Kobayashi
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Endoh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Health and Physical EducationUniversity of the Ryukyus Graduate School of EducationOkinawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Clinical NursingYamagata University School of MedicineYamagataJapan

Personalised recommendations