A Case of HAPE on K2 and Literature Review

  • Gen Sasao
  • Asuka Nagai
  • Tokuzen Iwamoto
  • Toshio Ichiwata
  • Ichiro Kuwahira
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 662)


HAPE (High Altitude Pulmonary Edema) is a serious and fatal disease in mountains. Early diagnosis and immediate descent are important for successful treatment. One of the authors (GS), who was healthy and a well trained climber, participated in the expedition to K2 (8611 m) in 2006 and developed HAPE. Under the severe environmental condition, it was difficult to evaluate his condition in its early stage. The earliest symptoms were nonspecific for HAPE as reported in many papers. Neither had he suffered from HAPE on the previous expeditions. These facts probably delayed the diagnosis in spite of its typical onset. This is a rare case report by a medical doctor who suffered from HAPE. The present case may remind the climbers of the difficulties in diagnosing HAPE on a mountain.


Exercise Performance Productive Cough Rare Case Report Severe Environmental Condition High Altitude Pulmonary Edema 
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We would like to thank all those who contributed to the original work. These include climbers, scientists and other supporters who made the project possible.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gen Sasao
    • 1
  • Asuka Nagai
    • 2
    • 3
  • Tokuzen Iwamoto
    • 3
  • Toshio Ichiwata
    • 4
  • Ichiro Kuwahira
    • 2
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MedicineTokai University Tokyo HospitalTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of MedicineTokai University School of MedicineIseharaJapan
  3. 3.Department of MedicineTokai University Tokyo HospitalTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of Respiratory MedicineDokkyo Medical University Koshigaya HospitalKoshigayaJapan

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