Dermatologic Toxicities



Patients diagnosed with cancer will face many toxicities of chemotherapy, radiation, or their combination. Numerous dermatological toxicities associated with these treatments range from mild discomfort to being potentially life-threatening. Side effects leading to significant discomfort can result in decreased quality of life and dose reduction or treatment interruption, compromising the efficacy of treatment with negative impact on morbidity and mortality. A variety of adverse effects such as alopecia, mucositis, and systemic toxicities associated with conventional cytotoxic agents have been well-described, but with the advent of novel targeted agents, a variety of new dermatologic side effects have emerged. Toxicities affecting skin and its adnexae (i.e., hair, nails) such as, hand–foot skin reaction, papulopustular rash, and paronychia may present both diagnostic and management dilemmas for health-care providers. Although many antitoxicity interventions have not been examined by randomized studies, there are ways of mitigating these untoward events in clinical practice. This chapter will address a variety of skin and nail toxicities induced by both conventional and targeted chemotherapy agents and will describe adverse effects associated with radiotherapy. Proposed underlying mechanisms will be reviewed and special attention will be directed to management strategies that are available to date.


Graft Versus Host Disease Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Skin Toxicity Stevens Johnson Syndrome Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin 
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Copyright information

© Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DermatologyMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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