Individual Differences in Resource Allocation Policy

  • Błażej Szymura
Part of the The Springer Series on Human Exceptionality book series (SSHE)


Apart from many other things, people differ in the way they allocate their attentional resources to the tasks they are engaged in. Individual differences in attentional resources management seem interesting as correlates of temperament/personality and intellectual traits (Eysenck, 1982; Nęcka, 1997). Although the differences in the effectiveness of attentional resources management with regard to individual difference variables are not very salient (these variables usually explain no more than 10–15% of variance in attentional task performance), it still seems worth asking whether people characterized by different levels of intelligence or creativity, a different necessity of extraversion, neuroticism or psychoticism trait also differ in the specificity of attentional functioning – the major strategy by which the cognitive system protects its limited capacity against overload (Broadbent, 1982). Knowledge of such relationships should increase our understanding of the cognitive mechanisms of human temperament/personality and intelligence. It should also be helpful in the creation of an integrated model of cognitive performance, which also takes into account interindividual variability.


Attentional Resource Dual Task Dual Task Condition Arousal State Arousal Level 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Błażej Szymura
    • 1
  1. 1.Jagiellonian UniversityCracowPoland

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