Native and International Entrepreneurship

  • Thomas Andersson
  • Martin G. Curley
  • Piero Formica
Part of the Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management book series (ITKM)


A new anatomy of the entrepreneurial body is emerging with increased mobility of people who travel, visit, study, or work without restraint outside their native countries. Moreover, the Internet-mediated economy facilitates personal ties and continued access to one’s home culture. Physical proximity is, therefore, no longer the most important factor in discouraging networking on a world scale.

Mobility across borders and novel scientific-technological capabilities are driving a transition from the traditional form of entrepreneurship (we call it “native entrepreneurship,” to typify the locally oriented and static behavior of the entrepreneurial context) organized along lines of geographical proximity and cultural identity to a new form called international entrepreneurship, which is one of the most visible manifestations of a process of cultural integration that happens through a global spread of ideas.

Native entrepreneurship resembles an island whose borders are dictated by the natural barriers of its physical space. What is more, the proximity effect creates other types of barriers – those raised by family favoritism, crony capitalism, ethnic, racial or religious factionalism, which have oftentimes prevented native new ventures from succeeding.


Brain Drain International Entrepreneurship Creative Employment Student Mobility Business Idea 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bell T (2006) Prediction markets for promoting the progress of science and the useful arts. George Mason Law Rev 14:37. = 925989
  2. Bhidé A (2000) Looking back to the next century. In: Closing keynote address, TIE annual conference, May, mimeoGoogle Scholar
  3. Boettke PJ, Coyne CJ (2005) Concerting entrepreneurship: an international public good. In: Boyd G, Rugman AM, Padoan PC (eds) European-American trade and financial alliances. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp 199–226Google Scholar
  4. Brzozowski J (2007) Brain waste, educational investments and growth in transitional countries. In: Working paper. Cracow University of Economics, PolandGoogle Scholar
  5. Cox LW (1997) International entrepreneurship: a literature review. College of Business Administration, Florida International University, mimeoGoogle Scholar
  6. Dixit A (2006) Evaluating recipes for development success, World BANK policy research working paper 3859. World Bank, Washington, DCCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Edmondson G (2000) International report. Business Week, 20 NovemberGoogle Scholar
  8. Edvinsson L (2002) Corporate longitude. Navigating the knowledge economy. Financial Times/Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJGoogle Scholar
  9. Florida R, Tinagli I (2004) Europe in the creative age. Carnegie Mellon Software Industry Center, co-published in Europe with DEMOS, February.
  10. Halperin A (2001) Globally dispersed startups – Executive summary of research conducted at the Sloan School of Management at MITGoogle Scholar
  11. Hay C ( 2002) Tough questions for Europe. Financial Times, August 2, FridayGoogle Scholar
  12. Henoch B (2003) Intercultural proactive network for start-up initiatives and vitalisation of Islamic communities in EU. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, mimeoGoogle Scholar
  13. Hof RD, Kriplany M (2003) India and Silicon Valley: now the R&D flows both ways. Business Week, December 8Google Scholar
  14. Imaginatik (2004) Deep dive: a world of ideas – the benefits of diversity in idea management. Corporate Innovation, April,
  15. Johnson JE (2004) Factors influencing the early internationalisation of high technology start-ups: US and UK evidence. J Int Entrepreneurship 2(1–2):139–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Karam JT (2001) Review of "Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality" by Aiwha Ong (Duke University Press, 1999). Anthropol Q 74(1):45–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kluver R, Fu W (2004) The cultural globalisation index.
  18. McDougall PP, Oviatt BM (2003) Some fundamental issues in international entrepreneurship. Kelly School of Business, Indiana University, July, mimeoGoogle Scholar
  19. South Centre (2003) Information societies: towards a south perspective – Document prepared by a science expert panel at the request of the chairman of the South Centre Board to be presented at the WSIS, DecemberGoogle Scholar
  20. Tremblay K (2002) Student mobility between and towards OECD countries in 2001. A comparative analysis. OECD Directorate for Education, Paris.
  21. Uglow J (2002) The lunar men: five friends whose curiosity changed the world. Faber and Faber, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Andersson
    • 1
  • Martin G. Curley
    • 2
  • Piero Formica
    • 3
  1. 1.Jönköping Int. Business School, Jönköping UniversityJönköpingSweden
  2. 2.Intel Corporation and National University of IrelandMaynoothIreland
  3. 3.Jönköping University International Entrepreneurship AcademyBolognaItaly

Personalised recommendations