Experimental Techniques and Data Treatment

  • W. CaiEmail author
  • V. ShalaevEmail author


Chapter 3 treats the fabrication techniques, characterization schemes and data treatment methods that are very general for the study of optical metamaterials. The chapter starts with a broad overview of fabrication processes commonly used for quasi-two-dimensional optical metamaterials, including electron beam lithography, focused ion beam milling, interference lithography and nanoimprint lithography. We then discuss a few techniques for truly three-dimensional metal-dielectric nanostructures. We also present commonly used characterization methods for testing the spectral properties of optical metamaterials. Finally, in the last section we discuss a technique for the extraction of the homogenized effective parameters from experimental observables.


Photonic Crystal Nanoimprint Lithography Direct Laser Writing Interference Lithography Metamaterial Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Purdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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