Mood Disorders

  • T. Mark Harwood
  • Luciano L’Abate


Depression is the prototypical mood disorder with approximately 17 million Americans suffering from some sort of depressive illness each year (Gottlieb, 2008). Among the major psychiatric disorders in North America, depression is the most prevalent and most costly with respect to both personal functioning and work productivity (Beutler, Clarkin, & Bongar, 2000). Depression can affect anyone at any age and women tend to earn the diagnosis at least twice as often as men (Beutler et al., 2000; Gottlieb, 2008). Some have promoted social theories (e.g., socialization, inequality) to explain the sex differences in depression rates; however, evidence does not support this notion. More specifically, there is strong evidence that biological/hormonal stresses experienced by women are a strong contributor to higher depression rates—the fact that, following menopause, female depression rates fall to a rate that is almost equal that for males supports a biological etiology.


Average Effect Size Minimal Contact Treatment Gain Epidemiological Catchment Area Subclinical Depression 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Mark Harwood
    • 1
  • Luciano L’Abate
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentWheaton CollegeWheatonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyGeorgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA

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