• Hans Frauenfelder
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)


A protein is a linear chain built from 20 amino acids [1]–[6]. (A few rare amino acids occur occasionally, but we will not discuss them.) The chain contains at the order of 100 to 200 amino acids. Of particular interest are the globular proteins, which act, for instance, as enzymes (catalysis). In the proper solvent, these systems fold into the native protein, as sketched in Fig. 4.1.


Heme Protein Alpha Helix Heme Group Family Tree Iron Porphyrin 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Frauenfelder
    • 1
  1. 1.Theory DivisionLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

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