The Hierarchy of Living Things

  • Hans Frauenfelder
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)


The chain from atoms to organisms in Fig. 1.1 consists of a number of clearly distinguishable systems. The complexity increases with increasing number of atoms. At the present time it is impossible to predict the behavior of an organism starting from the individual properties of the atoms. An understanding can only be reached by breaking the chain in pieces and studying, for instance, how the properties of biomolecules depend on the properties of its building blocks.


Catalysis Soliton Macromolecule 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Frauenfelder
    • 1
  1. 1.Theory DivisionLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosUSA

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