Global Warming pp 601-608 | Cite as

Phenological Adaptation of Cereal Weeds to Climate Variations

  • Mohamed Fenni
  • Mustapha Bounechada
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Phenology is the study of the relationships between various climatic factors and occurrence of successive stages in the life cycle of plants or animals (McCarty, 1986). Early attempts to describe phenological events date back to seventeenth century, Carl Von Linné in 1751 noted phenological stages of the species collected (Bergmeier, 1998). The scientific approach to phenological investigation is a fairly recent development.


Vegetative Development Phenological Stage Phenological Event Phenological Characteristic Weed Flora 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their comments and recommendations.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Fenni
    • 1
  • Mustapha Bounechada
    • 1
  1. 1.Université Ferhat AbbesSetifAlgeria

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