Global Warming pp 347-355 | Cite as

Effect of Oxidative Medium on Removal of Sulfur and Mineral Matter from the Can Lignites

  • Jale Gulen
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


Environmental problems associated with energy use consist of an increasing spectrum of pollutants, hazards, accidents, and degradation of environmental quality and natural ecology (Dincer, 1998). Climate change is threatening human beings on the world. Earthquakes, typhoons, cyclones, floods are the common natural disasters for all of us because of the seasonal variations. The industrilialized countries are mainly responsible for air pollution, ozone depletion, and carbon emissions due to the small contribution of developing countries (Dincer, 1998). Increased emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities are the main reason for this situation. In these days, acid rains, energy requirement, greenhouse gas effect, etc., are global problems for human beings.


Mineral Matter H2SO4 Solution Sulfur Removal Bituminous Coal Bomb Calorimeter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. American Society for Testing and Materials (1983) Annual book of ASTM Standards. Part 26 (Methods D 2015, D 2072, D 3174 and D 3177). Philadelphia, PA, USA.Google Scholar
  2. Dincer, I (1998) Energy and environmental impacts: Present and future perspectives. Energy Source 20: 427–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dincer, I (2001a) Environmental Issues I -Energy Utilization. Energy Source 23: 69–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dincer, I (2001b) Environmental issues II - Potential solutions. Energy Source 23: 83–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gulen, J, Doymaz, I, Piskin, S, Toprak, S (2005) Removal of mineral matter from Silopi Harput asphaltite by acid treatment. Energy Sources 27: 1457–1464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gülen, J (2007) Mineral matter identification in Nallihan lignite by leaching with mineral acids. Energy Sources-Part A 29: 231–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kahriman, A, Ipekoglu, B, Kesinel, A, Zemcen, G, Karadogan, A, Gorgun, S (2000) Rezerv calculation and evaluation of Can lignites for the power plant. Turkey 12. Komur Kongresi, 23–26 Mayis, Zonguldak, Turkey.Google Scholar
  8. Karaca, H, Ceylan, K (1997) Chemical cleaning of Turkish lignites by leaching with aqueous hydrogen peroxide. Fuel Processing Technology 50: 19–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kusakebe, K, Orita, M, Kato, K, Morooka, S, Kato, Y, Kusunaki, K (1989) Simultaneous desulphurization and demineralization of coal. Fuel 68: 396–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Shirazi, AR, Bortin, O, Eklund, L, Lindquist, O (1995) The impact of mineral matter in coal on its combustion. A new approach to the determination of the calorific value of coal. Fuel 74 (2): 247–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Steel, KM, Patrick, SW (2001a) The production of ultra clean coal by chemical demineralization. Fuel 80: 2019–2023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Steel, KM, Besida, J, O’Donnell, TA, Wood, DG (2001b) Production of ultra clean coal Part I-Dissolution behavior of mineral matter in black coal toward hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acids. Fuel Processing Technology 70: 171–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wu, Z, Steel, KM (2007) Demineralization of a UK bituminous coal using HF and ferric ions. Fuel 86: 2194–2200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Yang, RT, Subho, KD, Tsai, BMC (1985) Coal demineralization using sodium hydroxide and acid solutions. Fuel 64: 735–742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jale Gulen
    • 1
  1. 1.Yildiz Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations