Modalities of Organized Crime Phenomena
It would be immensely difficult to frame the explanations of Organized Corruption Networks (OCNs), the way they are presented in this book without placing them within the context of theories, discussions, and questions posited by scholars of the organized crime phenomenon. As with many other definitions within the social sciences, there is a myriad of definitions that offer very few, if any, practical explanations that could benefit the law enforcement community in their quest to counter this type of criminality. The lack of agreed upon definition from the sociological standpoint is not as detrimental to the war on organized crime as the fact that the existing legal definitions also suffer from the lack of consistency.
KeywordsOrganize Crime Criminal Activity Social Learning Theory Criminal Organization Criminal Group
- Agnew, R. (1992). Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency. Criminology 30, 47–87.Google Scholar
- Agnew, R. and White H. R. (1992). An empirical test of general strain theory. Criminology 30, 475–499.Google Scholar
- Agnew, R. (2006). Pressured into Crime: General Strain Theory. In Cullen, F. and Agnew, R., eds., Criminological Theory: Past to Present, 3rd edition. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury Publishing.Google Scholar
- Agnew, R., Piquero, N. L. and Cullen, F. T. (2009). General Strain Theory and White Collar Crime. In Simpson, S. and Weisburd, D. L. eds., The Criminology of White-Collar Crime. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Akers, R. L. (2009). Social Learning and Social Structure: A General Theory of Crime and Deviance. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
- Arsovska, J. and Kostakos, P. (2008). Illicit arms trafficking and the limits of rational choice theory: the case of the Balkans. Trends in Organized Crime 11(4), 352–378. doi: 10.1007/s12117-008-9052-y.
- Baron, S. (2006). Street youth, strain theory, and crime. Journal of Criminal Justice, 34, 209–223.Google Scholar
- Brovkin, V. N. (2003). Corruption in the 20th century Russia. Crime, Law, and Social Change 40(2–3), 195–230. doi: 10.1023/A:1025741929051.
- Cloward, R. A. and Ohlin, L. E. (2006). Delinquency and Opportunity. In Cullen, F. and Agnew, R., eds., Criminological Theory: Past to Present, 3rd edition. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury Publishing.Google Scholar
- Cornish, D. B. and Clarke, R. V. (2002). Analyzing Organized Crime. In Piquero, A. R. and Tibbetts, S. G., eds., Rational Choice and Criminal Behavior: Recent Research and Future Challenges. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Cornish, D. B. and Clarke, R. V. (1986). Crime as Rational Choice. In The Reasoning Criminal. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
- Cullen, F. and Agnew, R. (2006). Criminological Theory: Past to Present, 3rd edition. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury Publishing.Google Scholar
- Curry, P. and Mongrain, S. (2009) What is a criminal organization and why does the law care? Global Crime 10(1–2), 6–23. <http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=443D8CB174932C57DD1F>Google Scholar
- Friedrichs, D. (2009). Trusted Criminals in Contemporary Society, 4th edition. Wadsworth Publishing.Google Scholar
- Gambetta, D. (1993) The Sicilian Mafia: The Business of Private Protection. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Geis, G. (2000). On the absence of self-control as the basis for a general theory of crime. Theoretical Criminology 4(1), 35–53. Retrieved from http://www.soc.umn.edu/∼uggen/Geis_TC_00.pdf on January 18, 2010.
- Gottfredson, M. R. and Hirschi, T. (1990). A General Theory of Crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hamm, M. and Van de Voorde, C. (2005). Crimes committed by terrorist groups: theory, research, and prevention. Trends in Organized Crime 9(2), 18–51. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=20213402&site=ehost-live.
- Hoffmann, J. P. and Ireland, T. O. (2004). Strain and opportunity structures. Journal of Quantitative Criminology 20(3), 263–292.Google Scholar
- Holmes, L. (2009). Crime, organized crime and corruption in post-communist Europe and the CIS. Communist and post-Communist Studies. 42(2), 265–287. doi: 10.1016/j.postcomstud.2009.04.002.
- Lampe, K. and Johansen, P. O. (2003) Criminal Networks and Trust, 3rd annual meeting of the European Society of Criminology, Helsinki, 29 August, Finland.Google Scholar
- Langton, L. and Piquero, N. (2007). Can general strain theory explain white-collar crime? A preliminary investigation of the relationship between strain and select white-collar offenses. Journal of Criminal Justice 35(1), 1–15. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2006.11.011.
- Lippens, R. and Van Calster, P. (2000). Crime, accidents and (dis)organization: rhizomic communications on/of a foodscare. Crime, Law & Social Change 33(4), 281–311. Retrieved from International Security & Counter Terrorism Reference Center database.Google Scholar
- Milhaupt, C. J. (2000). The dark side of private ordering: an institutional and empirical analysis of organized crime. University of Chicago Law Review 67, 41–98.Google Scholar
- Sampson, R. J. and Wilson, W. J. (1990). Toward a Theory of Race, Crime, and Urban Inequality. In Hagan, J. and Peterson, R. D., eds., Crime and Inequality. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Sampson, R. J., Morenoff, J. D. and Earls, F. (1999). Beyond social capital: spatial dynamics of collective efficacy for children. American Sociological Review 64, 633–660.Google Scholar
- Sellers, C. and Winfree, J. (2005). Social learning and youth gangs: a natural fit? Conference Papers – American Society of Criminology, N.PAG. Retrieved from SocINDEX with Full Text database.Google Scholar
- Sykes, G. M. and Matza, D. (1957). Techniques of neutralization: a theory of delinquency. American Sociological Review 22, 664–670.Google Scholar
- Van Duyne, P. (1995). The phantom and threat of organized crime. Crime Law and Social Change 24(4), 341–377. doi: 10.1007/BF01298354.