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Imaging of Brain Neoplasm

  • Soonmee Cha
Chapter

Key Points

■ Brain imaging is necessary for optimal localization, characterization, and management of pediatric brain cancer prior to surgery in patients with suspected or confirmed brain tumors (strong evidence).

■ Due to its superior soft tissue contrast, multi-planar capability, and bio-safety, magnetic resonance imaging without and with gadolinium-based intravenous contrast material is the preferred method for pediatric brain cancer imaging when compared to computed tomography (moderate evidence).

■ The role of proton MR spectroscopy in the diagnosis and follow-up of pediatric brain cancer remains uncertain (insufficient evidence).

■ No adequate data exist on the role of imaging in monitoring pediatric brain cancer response to therapy and differentiating between tumor recurrence and therapy-related changes (insufficent evidence).

■ There is added value of functional MRI in the surgical planning of patients with suspected brain cancer or focal brain lesion (moderate evidence).

Keywords

Single Photon Emission Compute Tomography Brain Cancer Radiation Necrosis Brain Stem Glioma Focal Brain Lesion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology and Biomedical ImagingUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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