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Imaging of Hematogenous Osteomyelitis and Septic Arthritis in Children

  • Boaz Karmazyn
  • John Y. Kim
  • Diego Jaramillo
Chapter

Key Points

■ When signs and symptoms of osteomyelitis cannot be localized, bone scintigraphy is the preferred imaging (limited evidence).

■ MRI is the imaging modality of choice for evaluation of AHOM when symptoms are localized (limited evidence).

■ PET FDG/CT is the imaging modality of choice for evaluation of chronic osteomyelitis (limited evidence, based on studies on adult population).

■ Ultrasound is the imaging modality of choice for evaluation of hip joint effusion in septic hip (limited–moderate evidence).

■ No data were found in the medical literature on the cost-effectiveness of the different imaging modalities in the evaluation of hematogenous osteomyelitis and septic joint.

Keywords

Bone Scintigraphy Septic Arthritis Joint Effusion Chronic Osteomyelitis Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric RadiologyIndiana University School of Medicine, Riley Hospital for ChildrenIndianapolisUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyTexas Health Presbyterian Hospital of PlanoPlanoUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyThe Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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