Continua or Classes? Vexed Questions on the Latent Structure of Schizophrenia

  • Richard J. Linscott
  • Mark F. Lenzenweger
  • Jim van Os


Continuum and its various forms, synonyms, and antonyms frequently appear in the literature on schizophrenia, typically with two main referents. One concerns the nature of the signs or symptoms of the disorder and their relationships to normal psychological experience. For example, some speak of the phenotypic psychosis continuum comprising culturally normal experiential phenomena, subclinical experience, and clinically significant psychosis. Certainly, it seems that there is a phenomenological continuum of psychotic experience (van Os et al., 2008). The second concerns the latent structure1 of the population: A population has a continuous structure if its members comprise one group, and a class structure if its members comprise two, three, or more commingled types. Our focus here is on this latter sense of continuum


Latent Structure Latent Class Latent Class Analysis Latent Class Model Psychotic Experience 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard J. Linscott
    • 1
  • Mark F. Lenzenweger
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jim van Os
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyState University of New York at BinghamtonBinghamtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Personality Disorders InstituteWeill College of Medicine at Cornell UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry and NeuropsychologySchool of Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University Medical Centre, EURON, SEARCHMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Division of Psychological MedicineInstitute of PsychiatryLondonUK

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