Cardiac Anesthesia in the Elderly

Chapter

Abstract

Elderly patients have more comorbidities and are increasingly undergoing more complex procedures. Despite the ever aging population, expected mortality continues to decline. This is based in part on our increased understanding of the complex physiology of the elderly and improved medications and monitoring techniques now in use to mitigate adverse outcomes.

Keywords

Transesophageal echocardiogram Epiaortic ultrasound Postoperative cognitive dysfunction Diastolic dysfunction Cerebral oximetry Anesthetic management Pulmonary artery catheter Benzodiazepines Acid–base management 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Division of Cardiothoracic AnesthesiologyMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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