India: Manned and lunar flight

  • Brian Harvey
  • Henk H. F. Smid
  • Théo Pirard
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


The early 21st century saw India strike out in new directions. Although India’s first satellite (1980) followed a full 10 years behind Japan and China (1970), Indian space capabilities grew at such a pace that the country was able to challenge both its Asian rivals with a lunar program. India at last achieved the vision outlined in the 1960s of not only building its own geosynchronous communication satellites, but launching them itself through a new powerful launcher, the GSLV, making it fully self-sufficient in its space technology. This paved the way for India to send its own astronauts into space, making it one of the space superpowers and an Asian challenge to China.


Aerospace Technology Communication Satellite Space Technology Force Majeure Early 21st Century 
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Copyright information

© Praxis Publishing Ltd., Chichester, UK 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian Harvey
    • 1
  • Henk H. F. Smid
    • 2
  • Théo Pirard
    • 3
  1. 1.Dublin 6WIreland
  2. 2.RIBS SC&I/DB&CBredaThe Netherland
  3. 3.PepisterBelgium

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