• Jacob Moalem
  • Insoo Suh
  • Quan-Yang Duh
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 153)


Adrenal incidentalomas, unsuspected tumors that are discovered during radiologic procedures that are performed for unrelated causes, are found in up to 5% of all abdominal imaging studies. Once found, these lesions must be characterized according to their endocrine activity and malignant potential. Although the majority of these lesions are benign and require no surgical intervention, hormonally active tumors such as pheochromocytoma, cortisol-producing adenoma, or aldosteronoma, and primary or secondary cancers of the adrenal gland must be definitively diagnosed or excluded in all cases. Functional neoplasms, as well as isolated adrenal metastases, should be resected laparoscopically if possible. Large, locally invasive lesions that are suspected to be primary adrenocortical cancers should be resected via the open approach. Recommended follow up for apparently benign and nonfunctioning cortical adenomas includes serial imaging and biochemical testing.


Primary Hyperaldosteronism Adrenal Tumor Adrenal Mass Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy Urinary Free Cortisol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Veterans Affairs Medical CenterUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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