Reliable a Priori Shortest Path Problem with Limited Spatial and Temporal Dependencies
This paper studies the problem of finding most reliable a priori shortest paths (RASP) in a stochastic and time-dependent network. Correlations are modeled by assuming the probability density functions of link traversal times to be conditional on both the time of day and link states. Such correlations are spatially limited by the Markovian property of the link states, which may be such defined to reflect congestion levels or the intensity of random disruptions. We formulate the RASP problem with the above correlation structure as a general dynamic programming problem, and show that the optimal solution is a set of non-dominated paths under the first-order stochastic dominance. Conditions are proposed to regulate the transition probabilities of link states such that Bellman’s principle of optimality can be utilized. We prove that a non-dominated path should contain no cycles if random link travel times are consistent with the stochastic first-in-first-out principle. The RASP problem is solved using a non-deterministic polynomial label correcting algorithm. Approximation algorithms with polynomial complexity may be achieved when further assumptions are made to the correlation structure and to the applicability of dynamic programming. Numerical results are provided.
KeywordsPareto Frontier Short Path Problem Link State Outgoing Link Traversal Time
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This research is partially funded by Federal Highway Administration’s UTC program through Northwestern University’s Center for the Commercialization of Innovative Transportation Technology. We also would like to thank the four anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments.
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