Graduate vs. Professional School

  • Thomas Landefeld
Part of the Mentoring in Academia and Industry book series (MAI, volume 4)


There are obviously more than two possible career paths for science majors, although very often these are lumped into either graduate, i.e., Ph.D. or professional, e.g., MD, DO, PharmD, DVM, etc. This is done because these tracks are the more conventional routes that science majors tend to go. Also, it is somewhat natural since one route entails practicing a trade, e.g., medicine, pharmacy, etc., whereas the other represents a more classical academic route that usually focuses on teaching and research. Of course there are also the combined routes, e.g., MD/PhD, MD/MPH that some choose to take. Regardless, making such a choice involves a number of considerations and, as such, once again requires mentoring, specifically from individuals who are knowledgeable and experienced with the processes involved in these attaining these degrees and embarking into these careers, especially since the student may have very little if any direct experience and/or exposure to the actual requirements and workings involved.


Geographic Information System Minority Student Science Major Part Time Faculty Friday Afternoon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Adams JU (2007) Careers and grad programs for B.S/M.S. Scientists: Testing the waters. Science
  2. Bass et al (2008) The University as Mentor: Lessons learned from UMBC Inclusiveness Initiatives. Council of Graduate Schools: Volume one in the CGS occasional paper Series on InclusivenessGoogle Scholar
  3. Jaschik S (2009) PhD admissions shortage. Inside Higher Ed
  4. Mason MA, Goulden M, Frasch K (2009a) Why graduate students reject the fast track. Academe Online (AAUP) Accessed 1/20/09
  5. Mason MA (2009b) Balancing Act; A bad reputation. The Chronicle of Higher Education Accessed 1/17/09
  6. Stripling J (2008) Scientists for a new age. Inside Higher Ed
  7. Thomas CR (2008) Spel-bounding: All female Spelman college ranks no.2 in sending Black graduates onto PhDs in science and math. Diverse Issues in Higher Education online
  8. White G (2008) Spelman students sparkle in sciences. Atlanta Constitution 11/16/08

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSU Dominguez HillsCarsonUSA

Personalised recommendations