Carcinoma-Associated Fibroblasts in Lung Cancer

Chapter

Abstract

There is growing evidence that carcinogenesis is influenced and controlled by the cellular interactions between tumor stroma, ECM, and neoplastic cells. Therefore, the stromal cells surrounding cancer epithelial cells, rather than being passive bystanders, appear to have an important role in modifying tumor development and progression. Clinical evidence also supports the significant contribution of stroma to the development of a wide variety of tumors. There is a higher incidence of tumor formation in tissues exhibiting a chronically inflamed stroma as well as those undergoing wound healing, in which the stroma plays a central role. The stromal microenvironment of human cancers is also different from that of the corresponding normal tissue. Studies have revealed reactive stroma that is characterized by modified ECM composition, increased microvasculature, inflammatory cells, and fibroblasts with “activated” phenotype. These modified fibroblasts are often referred to as activated fibroblasts, myofibroblasts, tumor-associated fibroblasts, or carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). This chapter will focus its discussion on the characterization of CAFs, their role in human lung carcinogenesis and malignant progression, and as potential novel therapeutic targets.

Keywords

Migration Lymphoma Leukemia Adenocarcinoma Polysaccharide 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) grant MOP-64345 and Princess Margaret Hospital “Investment in Research” grant. Dr. Tsao is the M. Qasim Choksi Chair in Lung Cancer Translational Research at the Princess Margaret Hospital and University of Toronto. Dr. Bandarchi is a Fellow of the CIHR Training Program in Molecular Pathology of Cancer (STP-53912).

We thank Dr. D. Gullberg (University of Bergen) for reviewing this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ontario Cancer Institute and Princess Margaret HospitalUniversity Health Network and University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Ontario Cancer Institute and Princess Margaret HospitalUniversity Health Network and University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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