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Timothy

  • Hiroyuki Tamaki
  • Joost Baert
  • Petter Marum
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 5)

Abstract

Timothy (Phleum pratense L.), sometimes also called Herd’s grass and/or cat’s tail, is known as a cool-season perennial forage grass in North and South Americas, Europe, Australia, New Zealand and east Asia. In the EU, timothy ranks third in the certified seed area of forage grasses, after perennial (Lolium perenne L.) and Italian ryegrasses (Lolium multiflorum L.). It is considered the most important grass in parts of Canada, USA, the Nordic countries of Europe and Hokkaido, the northernmost Japanese prefecture (Berg et al., 1996; Helgadottir and Sveinsson, 2006; McElory and Kunelius, 1995). The amount of timothy seeds sold in eastern Canada is twice as much as that of all other grasses (McElory and Kunelius, 1995), and timothy occupies more than 70% of total grassland in Hokkaido (Tamaki, 2005).

Keywords

Specific Combine Ability Frost Tolerance Forage Grass Italian Ryegrass Winter Hardiness 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forage Grass Breeding Section of Kitami Agricultural Experiment StationHokkaidoJapan
  2. 2.Plant Unit of Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries ResearchMelleBelgium
  3. 3.Graminor AS, Bjørke Research StationRidabuNorway

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