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The Human Visual System: An Engineering Perspective

  • Gislin Dagnelie
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides a brief introduction to the architecture and function of the healthy visual system. Particular emphasis is placed on the diverse capabilities of the visual system that visual prosthesis researchers may want to emulate, to provide the reader with a realistic sense of the daunting challenges facing workers in this field.

Keywords

Optic Nerve Retinal Pigment Epithelium Retinal Ganglion Cell Human Visual System Optic Nerve Head 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

CCD

Charge-coupled device

COS

Cone outer segment

HL

Henle fiber layer

INL

Inner nuclear layer

LGN

Lateral geniculate nucleus

NOT

Nucleus of the optic tract

ONL

Outer nuclear layer

RPE

Retinal pigment epithelium

SC

Superior colliculus

TN

Terminal nucleus

V1

Primary visual cortex, striate cortex

V2

Secondary visual cortex, peristriate/extrastriate cortex

Notes

Acknowledgment

Supported in part by PHS grant # EY019991. This chapter is an adaptation of parts of an earlier chapter. [19] The author wishes to acknowledge the contributions of Eyal Margalit, M.D., who co-authored that chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lions Vision Research & Rehabilitation CenterJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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