Restoration–Preservation in an Urban Environment and Seismic Stability of the Statues of Athena and Apollo Along the Forefront of the Academy of Athens

Part of the Springer Optimization and Its Applications book series (SOIA, volume 56)


This chapter summarizes the restoration–preservation of two large marble statues – those of Athena and Apollo – which decorate for the last 130 years the forefront of the main building of the Academy of Athens. Each statue rests atop a 13.65-m tall multi-drum marble column. Our study initially focuses on the restoration of the marble surfaces of the statues and their bases due to atmospheric pollution which has increased significantly during the last 20 years. Subsequently, the chapter presents the fundamental elements of the seismic response analysis and protection of the statue-multi-drum column system.


Seismic Response Ground Acceleration Rigid Body Motion Pivot Point Rigid Block 
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The authors are indebted to Architecture Director in charge of the works Th. Papadimitriou, Supervising Engineer Dr. Ch. Dimou for providing all relevant material, and Assistant Professor Ch. Mouzakis for carrying out the ambient vibration measurements for the statues of Athena and Apollo. Finally, the authors would like to thank Dr. D.M. Cotsovos for his assistance in the classification of the material and the preparation of the whole article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academy of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Structures and Applied MechanicsUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

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