Live Urbanism – Towards SENSEable Cities and Beyond

  • Bernd Resch
  • Rex Britter
  • Carlo Ratti
Part of the Springer Optimization and Its Applications book series (SOIA, volume 56)


In the context of ubiquitous information services, the city shall not only be seen as a place of social interactions, financial transactions, a network of technology nodes, a geographical agglomeration area or as a political landscape, but more as an actuated multidimensional conglomerate of heterogeneous processes, in which the citizens are the central component. In other words, the city can be regarded as a complex near real-time control system, creating a feedback loop between the city itself, the city management and the citizens, which is achieved by pervasive sensing.


Urban Heat Island Green Roof Mobile Sensor Financial Transaction Technology Node 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Borsch, S. (2009) Distance is Dying., 7 July 2009. (21 March 2010).
  2. Cairncross, F. (1997) The Death of Distance: How the Communications Revolution Will Change Our Lives. Harvard Business School Press, Boston, MA, USA, 1997.Google Scholar
  3. Castells, M. (1996) The Rise of Network Society. In: Castells, Manuel (1996) The Information Age – Economy, Society and Culture. vol. 1, Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 1996.Google Scholar
  4. Delin, K.A., Harvey, R.P., Chabot, N.A., Jackson, S.P., Adams, M., Johnson, D.W. and Britton, J.T. (2003) Sensor Web in Antarctica: Developing an Intelligent, Autonomous Platform for Locating Biological Flourishes in Cryogenic Environments. 34th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, USA, March 2003.Google Scholar
  5. Dierig, S., Lachmund, J., and Mendelsohn, A. (2000) Science and the City., Workshop, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, Germany, 1–3 December 2000. (10 April 2010).
  6. Droege, P. (2006) Renewable City – A Comprehensive Guide to an Urban Revolution. 309 pp., Wiley-Academy a division of John Wiley & Sond Ltd, ISBN 978-0-470-01925-2, Chichester, England, 2006.Google Scholar
  7. Friedmann, J. (1986) The World City Hypothesis. Development and Change, 17(1), pp. 69–83, 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gilder, G. and Peters, T. (1995) City vs. Country: The Impact of Technology on Location. Forbes ASAP, 155(5), pp. 56–61, 27 February 1995.Google Scholar
  9. Gross, N. (1999) 14: The Earth Will Don an Electronic Skin., BusinessWeek Online, 30 August 1999. (20 April 2010).
  10. Hall, P. (1966) The World Cities. 3 rd Edition, 256 pp., Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, UK, 1966.Google Scholar
  11. Hall, P. and Pfeiffer, U. (2000) URBAN 21 – Expertenbericht zur Zukunft der Städte. 453 pp., Deutsche Verlagsanstalt, Stuttgart, Germany, 2000.Google Scholar
  12. Mitchell, W. J. (1996) City of Bits – Space, Place, and the Infobahn. 225 pp., MIT Press, Cambridge MA, USA, 1996.Google Scholar
  13. Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (2007) Urban Sciences., Interdisciplinary Research Programme on Urbanization & Urban culture in The Netherlands, 2007. (26 April 2010).
  14. Paulsen, H. (2008) PermaSensorGIS – Real-time Permafrost Data. Geoconnexion International Magazine, 02/2008, pp. 36–38, 2008.Google Scholar
  15. Paulsen, H. and Riegger, U. (2006) SensorGIS – Geodaten in Echtzeit. In: GIS-Business 08/2006, pp. 17–19, Cologne.Google Scholar
  16. Resch, B., Calabrese, F., Ratti, C. and Biderman, A. (2008) An Approach Towards a Real-time Data Exchange Platform System Architecture. In: Proceedings of the 6th Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, Hong Kong, 17–21 March 2008.Google Scholar
  17. Resch, B., Mittlboeck, M., Girardin, F., Britter, R. and Ratti, C. (2009) Live Geography – Embedded Sensing for Standardised Urban Environmental Monitoring. International Journal on Advances in Systems and Measurements, 2(2&3), ISSN 1942-261x, pp. 156–167.Google Scholar
  18. United Nations Population Fund (2007) State of World Population 2007: Unleashing the Potential of Urban Growth. United Nations Population Fund Report, ISBN 978-0897148078, New York, NY, UNFPA, 2007.Google Scholar
  19. Zardini, M. (Ed.) (2006) Sense of the City: An Alternate Approach to Urbanism. 352 pp., ISBN 3-03778-060-6, Lars Müller Publishers, Baden, Switzerland, 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MIT SENSEable City LabCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations