Abusive Head Trauma

  • Erin E. Endom
  • Donna Mendez


Abusive head trauma (AHT) is the leading cause of trauma deaths in infants (Gerber, 2007). AHT is most common in the first year of life; as many as 95% of severe head injuries in the first year of life are due to inflicted injury (Duhaime et al., 1987; Ettaro, Berger, & Songer, 2004; Hadley, Sonntag, Rekate, & Murphy, 1989; Jaspan, Griffiths, McConachie, & Punt, 2003; Keenan, Runyan, & Nocera, 2006; King, MacKay, & Sirnick, 2003; Ludwig & Warman, 1984). Head injury is the most common cause of death from physical abuse; one study found that 36 of 42 abuse deaths were due to AHT. It is estimated that up to 28/100,000 infants sustain AHT in the first year of life, with a mortality rate of 21.4%.


Head Injury Skull Fracture Diffuse Axonal Injury Abusive Head Trauma Subdural Hemorrhage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erin E. Endom
    • 1
  • Donna Mendez
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children’s Hospital Emergency DepartmentTexas Children’s Hospital Child Protection TeamHoustonUSA

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