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Skin Injury: Bruises and Burns

  • Erin E. Endom
  • Angelo P. Giardino
Chapter

Abstract

Careful examination of the child’s skin is an essential component of the abuse evaluation. Injuries to the skin are common findings in maltreated children and may include (a) contusions (bruises), abrasions, lacerations; (b) burns from scalding, direct contact with flame or hot objects, and electricity; (c) frostbite (O’Neill, Meacham, Griffin, & Sawyers, 1973); and (d) scars resulting from these injuries (Richardson, 1994). In one study examining the injuries of 616 children suspected of having been abused, at least 80% of the 775 primary injuries involved the skin, including (a) bruises/ecchymoses/hematomas (56%); (b) erythema/marks (9%); (c) burns (8%); and (d) abrasions/scratches (7%) (Johnson & Showers, 1985).

Keywords

Necrotizing Fasciitis Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia Partial Thickness Maltreated Child Partial Thickness Burn 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erin E. Endom
    • 1
  • Angelo P. Giardino
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Baylor College of MedicineTexas Children’s Health Plan, Inc.HoustonUSA

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