• Ferran Algaba
  • Jae Y. Ro
  • Steven S. Shen
  • Luan D. Truong
Part of the Frozen Section Library book series (FROZEN, volume 2)


Intraoperative consultation including FS of testicular lesions is infrequently performed, since the available diagnostic imaging techniques and serum tumor markers permit most neoplasia to be diagnosed prior to orchiectomy. However, the number of cases of conservative surgical management is increasing in which the urologist performs an intraoperative analysis of the testicular lesion in order to be able to perform testis-sparing surgery. The possible reasons for intraoperative consultation are listed in Table 5.1


Germ Cell Tumor Granulosa Cell Tumor Testicular Biopsy Leydig Cell Tumor Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ferran Algaba
    • 1
  • Jae Y. Ro
    • 2
    • 3
  • Steven S. Shen
    • 2
    • 3
  • Luan D. Truong
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Morphological DepartmentUniversitat Autónoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Weill Medical College of Cornell University New YorkNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.The Methodist HospitalHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Baylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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