Advertisement

An Archaeological View of Political Repression in Uruguay (1971–1985)

  • José María López Mazz
Chapter
Part of the Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology book series (CGHA)

Abstract

During the 1970s and 1980s, the Uruguayan repressive system was part of a broader (geo) political movement which included other South American countries, as well as the coordination of specialized organisms and American agents. The establishment of dictatorship in Uruguay was preceded by the implementation of repressive measures and legal restrictions on citizens’ rights. According to the Parliament, “immediate security measures” were the only way to face internal war (Martínez 2005).

The declassification of American and Uruguayan files provided new evidence to prosecute civil President Juan María Bordaberry and Minister Juan Carlos Blanco, as they proved their possible connection to Plan Cóndor (Operation Condor) and the murder of dissident Uruguayan and Argentinean politicians on both sides of the Río de la Plata.

Keywords

Political Violence Human Remains Political Prisoner Forensic Anthropology Political Repression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Augé, M., 1996, Los no lugares. Gedisa, Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  2. Binford, L., 1972, Mortuary Practices: Their Study and Their Potential. In Archaeological Perspective, edited by J. Brown, pp. 105–140. Seminar Press, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Buikstra, J., 1995, Tombs for the Living ….or for the Dead. In Tombs for the Living, edited by T. Dillehay, pp. 229–280. Dumbarton, Washington.Google Scholar
  4. Comisión para la Paz, 2004, Informe Final de la Comisión para la Paz. Presidencia de la República, Montevideo.Google Scholar
  5. Fernández Huidobro, E., 2004, La Fuga de Punta Carrretas. Banda Oriental, Montevideo.Google Scholar
  6. Foucault, M., 1975, Vigilar e Castigar Vozes, Río de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  7. Gianotti, C. and López Mazz, J., 2002, Intensificación Ceremonial y Prácticas Mortuorias en la Localidad Arqueológica del Rincón de Los Indios (Rocha). Actas del X Congreso Uruguayo de Arqueología: La Arqueología Uruguaya ante los Desafíos del Nuevo Siglo (CD-ROM). Montevideo.Google Scholar
  8. Gómez Romero, F., 2002, Philosophy and Historical Archaeology. Foucault and a Singular Technology of Power Development at the Borderlands of Nineteenth Century, Argentina. Journal of Social Archaeology 2(3):402–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hodder, I., editor, 1982, Symbolic and Structural Archaeology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  10. Informe de Madres y Familiares de Uruguayos Detenidos Desaparecidos, 2005, A Todos Ellos. Madres y Familiares de Detenidos Desaparecidos, Montevideo.Google Scholar
  11. Lull, V., 1998, El Argar: La Muerte en Casa. Anales de Prehistoria y Arqueología 13–14:65–80.Google Scholar
  12. Martínez, V., 2005, Tiempos de Dictadura. Banda Oriental, Montevideo.Google Scholar
  13. Mhemet, Y., Solla, H., and Mc.Cabe, B., 2005, Vicitim of Dictatorial Regime: Identification of Mr. Roberto Gomensoro Josman. Forensic Science International 30:1–8.Google Scholar
  14. Moreno, F., 2004, Estudio del Material Óseo asociado a los Enterramientos del Sitio Los Indios. Manuscript on file, Taller II de Arqueología (Monographs), Departamento de Arqueología, Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de la República, Montevideo.Google Scholar
  15. O’Shea, J., 1984, Mortuary Variability. An Archaeological Investigation. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  16. Politis, G., 1999. La Actividad Infantil en la Producción del Registro Arqueológico de Cazadores-Recolectores. Revista do Museo de Arqueología e Etnología 3: 263–283.Google Scholar
  17. Politis, G., 2002, South America: In the Garden of Forking Paths. In Archaeology. The Widening Debate, edited by B. Cunliffe, W. Davies, C. Renfrew, pp. 193–244. Oxford University Press, London.Google Scholar
  18. Solla, H. and Mehmet, Y., 2000, Skeletal Remains of Dr. Eugenio Antonio Berríos Sagredo. Forensic Science International 116(2–3):201–211.Google Scholar
  19. Tainter, J., 1977, Mortuary Practices and the Study of Prehistoric Social Systems. Advances in Archaeology Method and Theory 1:105–141Google Scholar
  20. Turner, Ch. II and Turner, J. 1992, The First Claim for Cannibalism in the Southwest. Walter Hough’s 1901 Discovery at Canyon Buttle Ruin 3, Northeastern Arizona. American Antiquity 57(4):661–682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Zarankin, A., 2002, Paredes que Domesticam: Arqueología da Arquitetura Escolar Capitalista. O Caso de Buenos Aires. UNICAMP/FAPESP, Sao Paulo.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Nacional de Montevideo (National University of Montevideo)MontevideoUruguay

Personalised recommendations