Probability in the quantum world

  • V. S. Varadarajan


Probability has been a part of quantum theory from its very beginnings. The original probabilistic interpretation of quantum mechanics was put forward by Max Born. However the idea that the understanding of Nature had to be statistical was unacceptable to a lot of people including Einstein, and there was substantial criticism of this aspect of quantum theory. Eventually, the ideas of von Neumann, Bell, Feynman, Mackey, Glea- son, and many others on the probabilistic aspects of quantum theory clarified the situation and answered the criticisms. These contributions have made the role of probability in the quantum world both far-reaching and profound.


Quantum Mechanic Quantum Theory Boolean Algebra Uncertainty Principle Hide Variable 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. S. Varadarajan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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