The Federal Role
The history of agricultural R&D and related government policy in the United States is one of jointly evolving state and federal, public- and private-sector roles. The private role has always emphasized more-patentable inventions, or at least innovations from which the returns seem more appropriable by a variety of intellectual property rights or other means. In agriculture, in particular, however, it is difficult for individuals to fully appropriate the returns from their research investments, leading to a general consensus that some government action is warranted to ensure an adequate investment in R&D.
KeywordsFiscal Year Agricultural Research Service Plant Variety Protection Utility Patent Competitive Grant
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