Research Funding and Performance
How has public and private sector participation in agricultural R&D in the United States changed over the decades, and how has research spending on agriculture fared relative to research spending in all areas of science? Given the international interdependencies in agricultural R&D, how has research spending in the United States evolved relative to spending elsewhere in the world? This chapter describes public and private investments in R&D directed to agriculture in the United States, placing them in the context of both the overall spending on all sciences, and global spending on agricultural R&D. Then, we explore patterns of public spending on agricultural R&D within the United States, both in aggregate and among the states, with attention to the separate and joint roles of the federal government through its USDA intramural labs and the State Agricultural Experiment Stations. We consider the evolving sources of funding as well as the evolving patterns of spending. In Chapter 7, these trends in the funding and performance of agricultural R&D are linked to legislative and other policy changes.
KeywordsPublic Spending Research Intensity Farm Population Extension Intensity International Dollar
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