Microstructure–Property–Design Relationships in the Simulation Era: An Introduction

  • Dennis M. Dimiduk


Computational methods are affecting a paradigm change for using microstructure–property relationships within materials and structures engineering. This chapter examines the emergent use of quantitative computational tools for microstructure–property–design relationships, primarily for structural alloys. Three major phases are described as a historical “serial paradigm,” current “integrated computational materials engineering” and, future “virtual materials systems” emerging from advances in multiscale materials modeling. The latter two phases bring unique demands for integrating microstructure representations, constitutive descriptions, numerical codes, and experimental methods. Importantly, these approaches are forcing a fundamental restructuring of materials data for structural engineering wherein data centers on a hierarchy of model parameterizations and validations, rather than the current application-specific design limits. Examining aspects of current research on microstructure-sensitive design tools for single-crystal turbine blades provides an accessible glimpse into future computational tools and their data requirements. Finally, brief descriptions set context and interrelationships for the remaining chapters of the book.


Turbine Blade Representative Volume Element Property Relationship Material Development Engineering Discipline 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



There are many incremental contributors to the viewpoints expressed both in this introduction and the throughout remainder of the book. Among those contributors, the author gratefully acknowledges important and formulating discussions with Profs. H.L. Fraser, S. Ghosh and J.C. Williams; and with Drs. R.E. Dutton, J.P. Simmons, C. Woodward, Dr. C. Hartley, M.G. Mendiratta, T.A. Parthasarathy, J.M. Larsen, L. Christodoulou, S. Wax, D. Backman, H.A. Lipsitt, M.J. Blackburn and Mr. J. Schirra. We alsogratefully acknowledge financial support from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, under the direction of Dr. C. Hartley, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, especially during early periods of this effort.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research LaboratoryWright-Patterson Air Force BaseDaytonUSA

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