Advertisement

Brain Brightening: Neurotherapy for Enhancing Cognition in the Elderly

  • James Lawrence Thomas
Chapter

Abstract

With increasing longevity, the absolute number and relative proportion of persons with dementia will become a significant problem in society. Neurotherapy offers a non-pharmacological treatment to enhance the functioning of frontal lobe functioning which usually is reduced as one grows older. This chapter presents ­preliminary evidence for the use of currently available biofeedback technology that has exciting promise to improve cognition in individuals with mild decline.

Keywords

Cerebral Blood Flow Heart Rate Variability Cognitive Enhancement Attention Deficit Disorder Brain Wave 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Berger, H. (1929). Uber das Elektroenkephalogramm des Menschen. Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 87, 527–570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Budzynski, T. (1996). Brain brightening: Can neurofeedback improve cognitive process? Biofeedback, 24(2), 14–17.Google Scholar
  3. Budzynski, T., & Budzynski, H. (2000). Reversing age-related cognitive decline: Use of neurofeedback and audio-visual stimulation. Biofeedback, 28(3), 19–21.Google Scholar
  4. Budzynski, T., Budzynski, H., Evans, J., & Abarbanel, A. (Eds.). (2009). Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback: Advance theory and applications. New York, NY: Academic.Google Scholar
  5. Budzynski, T., Budzynski, H., & Tang, H. (2007). Brain brightening. In J. R. Evans (Ed.), Handbook of neurofeedback. New York, NY: Haworth.Google Scholar
  6. Buschke, H. (1973). Selective reminding for analysis of memory and learning. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 12, 543–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carmen, J. (2004). Passive infrared hemoencephalography: Four years and 100 migraines. Journal of Neurotherapy, 8(3), 23–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chabot, R., de Michele, F., Prichep, L., & John, E. (2001). The clinical role of computerized EEG in the evaluation and treatment of learning and attention disorders. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 13(2), 171–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chambless, D., & Hollon, S. (1998). Defining empirically supported therapies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 7–18.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Collura, T., & Siever, D. (2009). Audio-visual entrainment in relation to mental health and EGG. In T. Budzynski, H. Budzynski, J. Evans, & A. Abarbanel (Eds.), Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback. New York, NY: Academic.Google Scholar
  11. Diamond, M. (1988). Enriching heredity: The impact of the environment on the anatomy of the brain. New York, NY: Free.Google Scholar
  12. Duffy, F. (2000). The state of EEG biofeedback therapy (EEG operant conditioning) in 2000: An Editor’s opinion. Clinical Electroencephalography, 31(1), v–vii.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Egner, T., & Sterman, M. B. (2006). Neurofeedback treatment of epilepsy: from basic rationale to practical application. Expert review of neurotheapeutics, 6(2), 247–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Evans, J. (Ed.). (2007). Handbook of neurofeedback. New York, NY: Haworth.Google Scholar
  15. Evans, J., & Abarbanel, A. (Eds.). (1999). Quantitative EEG and neurofeedback. New York, NY: Academic.Google Scholar
  16. Frederick, J., & Berman, M. (2009). Efficacy of neurofeedback for executive and function in dementia. Presentation at the international conference on Alzheimer’s disease, Vienna, AustriaGoogle Scholar
  17. Gur, R., Gur, R., Obrist, W., Skolnick, B., & Reivich, M. (1987). Age and regional cerebral blood flow at rest and during cognitive activity. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 617–621.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Hagstadius, S., & Risberg, J. (1989). Regional cerebral blood flow characteristics and variations with age in resting normal subjects. Brain and Cognition, 10, 28–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hammond, C. (2010). Comprehensive bibliography of neurofeedback (arranged by topic). Retrieved Nov 2010 from http://www.isnr.org/ComprehensiveBibliography.cfm.
  20. Kaufer, D., & Lewis, D. (1999). Frontal lobe anatomy and cortical connectivity. In B. Miller & J. Cummings (Eds.), The human frontal lobes (pp. 27–44). New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
  21. Kemperman, G., & Gage, F. (1999). New nerve cells for the adult brain. Scientific American, 1999, 48–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Levesque, J., Beauregard, M., & Mensour, B. (2006). Effect of neurofeedback training on the neural substrates of selective attention in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Neuroscience Letters, 394, 216–221.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Linden, M., Habib, T., & Radojevic, V. (1996). A controlled study of the effects of EEG biofeedback on cognition and behavior of children with attention deficit disorder and learning disabilities. Biofeedback and Self Regulation, 21(1), 35–49.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lubar, J. (2003). Neurofeedback for attention deficit disorders. In M. Schwartz & F. Andrasik (Eds.), Biofeedback: A practitioner’s guide (3rd ed., pp. 409–437). New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
  25. Mendez, M. F., & Cummings, J. L. (2003). Dementia: A clinical approach. Philadelphia, PA: Butterworth-Heinemann.Google Scholar
  26. Monastra, V. (2003). Clinical applications of EEG biofeedback. In M. Schwartz & F. Andrasik (Eds.), Biofeedback: A practitioner’s guide (3rd ed., pp. 438–463). NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
  27. Monastra, V. (2005). Electroencephalographic biofeedback (neurotherapy) as a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Rationale and empirical foundations. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14(1), 55–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Powell, D., Kaplan, E., Whitla, D., Weintraub, S., Caitlin, R., & Funkenstein, H. (1993). MicroCog: Assessment of cognitive functioning. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  29. Prichep, L., John, E., Ferris, S., Reisberg, B., Almas, M., Alper, K., et al. (1994). Quantitative EEG correlates of cognitive deterioration in the elderly. Neurobiology of Aging, 15, 85–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rozelle, G., & Budzynski, T. (1995). Neurotherapy for stroke rehabilitation: a case study. Biofeedback, 20(3), 211–228.Google Scholar
  31. Schoenberger, N., Shiflett, S., Esty, M., Ochs, L., & Matheis, R. J. (2001). Flexyx neurotherapy system in the treatment of traumatic brain injury: An initial evaluation. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 16, 260–274.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schwartz, M., & Andrasik, F. (Eds.). (2003). Biofeedback: A practitioner’s guide (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
  33. Siniatchkin, M., Hierundar, A., Kropp, P., Khunert, R., Gerber, W., & Staphani, U. (2000). Self-regulation of slow cortical potentials in children with migraine: An exploratory study. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 25, 13–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sterman, M., & Egner, T. (2006). Foundation and practice of neurofeedback therapy for epilepsy. from basic rationale to practical application. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 31(1), 21–35.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Thatcher, R. (1999). EEG database guided neurotherapy. In J. R. Evans & A. Arbarbanel (Eds.), Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback. San Diego, CA: Academic.Google Scholar
  36. Thatcher, R. (2000). EEG operant conditioning (biofeedback) and traumatic brain injury. Clinical Electroencephalography, 31, 38–44.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Thatcher, R., & Lubar, J. (2009). History of the scientific standards of QEEG normative databases. In T. Budzynski, H. Budzynski, J. Evans, & A. Abarbanel (Eds.), Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback. New York, NY: Academic.Google Scholar
  38. Thompson, L., & Thompson, M. (1998). Neurofeedback combined with training in metacognitive strategies: Effectiveness in student with ADD. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 23(4), 243–263.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Thompson, M., & Thompson, L. (2003). The neurofeedback book. Wheat Ridge, CO: AAPB.Google Scholar
  40. Thornton, K., & Carmody, D. (2005). Electroencephalogram biofeedback for reading disability and traumatic brain injury. In L. Hirshberg, S. Chiu, & J. Frazier (Eds.), Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America: Emerging interventions (Vol. 14, Number 1). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.Google Scholar
  41. Toomin, H., & Carmen, J. (2009). Hemoencephalography: Photon-based blood flow neurofeedback. In T. Budzynski, H. Budzynski, J. Evans, & A. Abarbanel (Eds.), Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback. New York, NY: Academic.Google Scholar
  42. Yucha, C., & Montgomery, D. (2008). Evidence-based practice in biofeedback and neurofeedback. Wheat Ridge, CO: AAPB.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NYU Langone Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations