Cognitive Wellness for Diverse Populations

  • Stephanie R. Johnson


This chapter discusses beliefs, perceptions, and programmatic methods that should be considered when developing a cognitive wellness program for diverse populations. Perceptions of cognitive health and behaviors that may enhance cognitive well-being are presented first, followed by examples of programs that have included minority older adults in substantial numbers. A final section provides a list of considerations that researchers, organizations, and community programs can utilize for developing cognitive wellness programs for diverse older adult populations.


Social Engagement Successful Aging Diverse Community Cognitive Enhancement African American Participant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Alzheimer’s Association. (2010). Alzheimer’s disease facts and figures. Chicago: Alzheimer’s Association.Google Scholar
  2. Fernandez, A. (2008). Brain-health business grows with research and demand. Aging Today, 29(2), 10–12.Google Scholar
  3. Fernandez, A. & Goldberg, E. (2009). The Sharpbrain’s guide to brain fitness. Retrieved July 2010 from
  4. Fried, L. P., Carlson, M., Freedman, M., Frick, K. D., Glass, T. A., Hill, J., et al. (2004). A social model for health promotion for an aging population: Initial evidence on the Experience Corps® model. Journal of Urban Health, 81, 64–78.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Fried, L. P., Freedman, M., Endres, T. E., & Wasik, B. (1997). Building communities that promote successful aging. The Western Journal of Medicine, 167, 216–219.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Friedman, D. B., Laditka, J. N., Hunter, R., Ivey, S. L., Wu, B., Laditka, S. B., et al. (2009). Getting the message out about cognitive health: A cross-cultural comparison of older adults; media awareness and communication needs on how to maintain a healthy brain. The Gerontologist, 49, S50–S60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Laditka, S. B., Corwin, S. J., Laditka, J. N., Liu, R., Tseng, W., Wu, B., et al. (2009). Attitudes about aging well among a diverse group of older Americans: Implications for promoting cognitive health. The Gerontologist, 49, S30–S39.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. McDougall, G. J., Becker, H., Pituch, K., Acee, T. W., Vaughan, P. W., & Delville, C. L. (2010). Differential benefits of memory training for minority older adults in the SeniorWise Study. The Gerontologist, 50, 632–645.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. von Faber, M., Bootsma-Van Der Wiel, A., van Excel, E., Gussekloo, J., Lagaay, A. M., van Dongen, E., et al. (2001). Successful aging in the oldest old: who can be characterized as successfully aged? Archives of Internal Medicine, 161, 2694–2700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Wilcox, S., Sharkey, J. R., Mathews, A. E., Laditka, J. N., Laditka, S. B., Logsdon, R. G., et al. (2009). Perceptions and beliefs about the role of physical activity and nutrition on brain health in older adults. The Gerontologist, 49, S61–S71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Wu, B., Goins, R. T., Laditka, J. N., Ignatenko, V., & Geodereis, E. (2009). Gender differences in views about cognitive health and healthy lifestyle behaviors among rural older adults. The Gerontologist, 49, S72–S78.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Howard University School of MedicineWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations