Societal Aspects of Corrosion
Residents of industrialized nations live in metal-based societies. Various types of steel are used in residential and commercial structures, in bridges and trusses, in automobiles, passenger trains, railroad cars, ships, piers, docks, bulkheads, in pipelines and storage tanks, and in the construction of motors. Aluminum alloys find a variety of uses ranging from aircraft frames to canned food containers to electronic applications. Copper is used in water pipes, in electrical connectors, and in decorative roofs. Chromium and nickel, to name just two more metals, are used in the production of stainless steels and other corrosion-resistant alloys.
KeywordsStorage Tank Corrosion Fatigue Galvanize Steel Passenger Train Protective Oxide Film
- 1.“Hip Replacement Patient Information Booklet”, Anderson Orthopedic Institute, Alexandria, VA, p. 1.Google Scholar
- 2.Front cover of “AMPTIAC Quarterly”, (Advanced Materials and Process Technology Information Analysis Center), AMPTIAC Quart., 7 (4), (2003).Google Scholar
- 3.B. F. Brown, “Stress Corrosion Cracking Control Measures”, National Bureau of Standards Monograph 156, Washington, DC (1977).Google Scholar
- 4.“National Transportation Safety Board Report HAR-84/03”, June 28, 1983, Web site http://www.ntsb.gov, July (2004).
- 5.“Aging Airplanes”, S. Derra, R & D Magazine, p. 29, January (1970).Google Scholar
- 6.“FirstEnergy Faced String of Difficulties”, Washington Post, p. E1, August 19 (2003).Google Scholar
- 7.“Walkway Collapse Shuts Laurel Mall”, Washington Post, p. B4, July 2 (2005).Google Scholar
- 8.“Tense Rescues Follow Massive Water Main Break”, washingtonpost.com, December 23 (2008).Google Scholar
- 9.G. H. Koch, M. P. H. Brongers, N. G. Thompson, Y. P. Virmani, and J. H. Payer, “Corrosion Costs and Preventative Strategies in the United States”, Mater. Perform., 42 (Supplement), 3, July (2002).Google Scholar
- 10.“At Accident Site, a Bridge Too Far Corroded”, Washington Post, p. B2, November 15 (2007).Google Scholar
- 11.“DOE Defends ‘Hot’ Repository Design”, C & E News, p. 19, May 31 (2004).Google Scholar
- 12.Excerpted from E. M. Haas, “Staying Healthy with Nutrition”, Web site http://www.healthy.net, July (2004).
- 13.“Agencies Brushed Off Lead Warnings”, Washington Post, p. A1, February 29 (2004).Google Scholar
- 14.Australian Water Association, “Fact Sheet: The problem of blue-water and copper pipes”, July (2004).Google Scholar
- 15.D. J. Fitzgerald, Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 67 (5), 1098S, (Supplement S) (1998).Google Scholar
- 16.L. H. Bennet, J. Kruger, R. I. Parker, E. Passiglia, C. Reimann, A. W. Ruff, H. Yakowitz, and E. B. Berman, “Economic Effects of Metallic Corrosion in the United States”, National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 511, Washington, DC (1978).Google Scholar
- 17.J. Kruger in “Uhlig’s Corrosion Handbook”, R. W. Revie, Ed., p. 3, John Wiley, New York (2000).Google Scholar
- 18.H. H. Uhlig and W. R. Revie, “Corrosion and Corrosion Control”, Chapter 1, John Wiley, New York (1985).
- 19.“Pipeline Closure Sends Oil Higher”, Washington Post, p. A1, August 8 (2006).Google Scholar
- 20.“Rusty water rattles N. Va. residents”, Fairfax J., p. A5, April 29 (1991).Google Scholar
- 21.J. J. Harwood, ASTM Stand. News, 3 (1), 12 (1975).Google Scholar
- 22.T. E. Norgate and W. J. Rankin, “The role of metals in sustainable development”, in “Proceedings, Green Processing 2002, International Conference on the Sustainable Processing of Minerals”, p. 49, Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, May (2002).Google Scholar
- 23.W. L. Swager in “Battelle Today” Vol. 18, p. 3, June (1980).Google Scholar
- 24.“China to Build Up Mineral Reserves, Ministry Says”, Washington Post, p. D10, May 17 (2006).Google Scholar
- 25.B. F. Brown et al., “Corrosion and Metal Artifacts”, National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 479, Washington, DC (1977).Google Scholar
- 26.R. Baboian, Mater. Perform., 33 (8), 12 (1994).Google Scholar
- 27.N. Nielsen, Mater. Perform., 23 (4), 78 (1984).Google Scholar