Personality Disorders and Work



The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) divides ­psychiatric disorders into two categories, Axis I and Axis II disorders (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Axis I disorders are clinical disorders such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Axis II disorders are personality disorders (PDs), defined as “pervasive, inflexible, and enduring patterns of inner experiences and behavior that can lead to clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning” and that reflect “inappropriate, ineffective, or painful ways of behaving and interacting” (American Psychiatric Association 2000).


Personality Disorder Labor Market Outcome Abusive Behavior Corporate Psychopath Senior Professor 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services ResearchDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA

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