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Disasters and Population Health

  • Jennifer Johnson
  • Sandro Galea
Chapter

Abstract

Events of mass trauma are relatively common global phenomena with widespread impact on human health. We conducted this systematic literature review using the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed database. We investigated the effect of disasters on six main topic areas of interest: injury and mortality, health systems and infrastructure, mental health, infectious disease, chronic disease, and health behavior. This review covers 182 articles on both natural and man-made disasters, excluding war. We present the results by topic area, across disaster type. This work highlights the scope and heterogeneity of disaster research today, providing a contextual background in which to formulate interventions and disaster planning efforts.

Keywords

Intimate Partner Violence Sickness Absence Terrorist Attack General Practitioner Emergency Medical Team 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public Health Center for Global HealthUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.School of Public HealthInstitute for Social Research, and Center for Global Health, University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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