• Aaron Calodney
  • Duane Griffith


Discography has become an indispensable diagnostic tool since its introduction in the 1940s to diagnose lumbar disc herniation.1,2 Today, discography is used most often to identify painful internally disrupted discs.3 Discography is unique in that it is the only diagnostic technique that directly correlates a patient’s symptoms with disc morphology.4 It can be thought of as similar to palpation: an important component of physical examination.5 Tenderness elicited on palpation is analogous to pain provocation on discography.


Lumbar Disc Annulus Fibrosis Cervical Disc Normal Disc Target Disc 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaron Calodney
    • 1
  • Duane Griffith
    • 1
  1. 1.Texas Spine and Joint HospitalTylerUSA

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